Entrevista a Luis Foncerrada, sobre los precriterios de Hacienda (Nombres, nombres y nombres)

  • Dijo que los precriterios del Ceesp entregados este mes son favorables para el país al incluir un superávit que excluye el pago de intereses de la deuda, es un esfuerzo plausible por mejorar el nivel de la deuda. Si se logra bajar la deuda, se estaría dando un señal muy importante a los mercados debido a los niveles de endeudamiento de la actual administración, sin embargo, hay elementos que podrían no permitirle como un descenso en la recaudación y el control del gasto.
  • Indicó que es difícil concretar el superávit en medio de un año con elecciones federales, es importante que no se apremien los intereses políticos a los intereses nacionales. Los precriterios contemplan precios del petróleo por encima de 46 dólares, el precio alto del petróleo ayuda a las finanzas públicas, pero también aumenta el precio de la gasolina que genera un aumento en los gastos. El tipo de cambio a 19 pesos es factible.
  • Agregó que el reto más grande es el control en las finanzas públicas, no aumentar el gasto que aumente la deuda y al final las calificadoras bajen la calificación soberana, de ahí la gran importancia de la disciplina fiscal.

(Fuente: Transmisión Especial Azteca 13 , Entrevista, 00:16, 21/04/2017)

AFL-CIO Releases Blueprint on Rewriting NAFTA to Benefit Working People

(Washington, DC) Today, the AFL-CIO is releasing a blueprint for how to rewrite NAFTA to benefit working families. This past election there was much needed discussion on the impact of corporate trade deals on our manufacturing sector and on working class communities. The outline below puts forward real solutions that should garner bipartisan support if lawmakers are truly serious about realigning our trade policies to help workers.

Improving NAFTA for Working People

Over the last year the country has shown that we want a different direction on trade. This movement has been largely driven by workers. As we approach the inauguration of a new president, it is important that workers’ perspective lead the debate. In the coming months, the AFL-CIO will highlight how NAFTA should be rewritten.

The AFL-CIO has long supported rewriting the rules of NAFTA to provide more equitable outcomes for working families. To date, the biggest beneficiaries of NAFTA have been multinational corporations, which have gained by destroying middle class jobs in the U.S. and Canada and replacing them with exploitive, sweatshop jobs in Mexico. It doesn’t have to be this way. With different rules, NAFTA could become a tool to raise wages and working conditions in all three North American countries, rather than to lower them.

Key Areas for Improvement

Eliminate the private justice system for foreign investors.

NAFTA established a private justice system for foreign investors, thereby prioritizing corporate rights over citizens’ rights, giving corporations even more influence over our economy than they already have. This private justice system, known as investor-state dispute settlement, or ISDS, allows foreign investors to challenge local, state and federal laws before private panels of corporate lawyers. Although these lawyers are not accountable to the public, they are empowered to decide cases and award vast sums of taxpayer money to foreign businesses. Under NAFTA, these panels have awarded millions of dollars to corporations when local and state governments exercise their jurisdictional power to deny things like municipal building permits for toxic waste processing facilities. ISDS gives foreign investors enormous leverage to sway public policies in their favor. Scrapping the entire system would help level the playing field for small domestic producers and their employees.

Improve the labor and environment side-treaties (the North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation and the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation).  Add them to the original agreement, and ensure they are enforced.

The NAFTA labor and environment agreements were not designed to effectively raise standards for workers or to ensure clean air and water. Instead, they were hastily patched together to quiet NAFTA’s critics. These agreements should be scrapped and replaced with provisions that effectively and robustly protect international labor and environmental standards.  Violators should be subject to trade sanctions when necessary—so that we stop the race to the bottom that has resulted from NAFTA. Without stronger provisions environmental abuses and worker exploitation will continue unchecked.

 Address currency manipulation by creating binding rules subject to enforcement and possible sanctions.

Within months after NAFTA’s approval by Congress, Mexico devalued the peso, wiping out overnight potential gains from NAFTA’s tariff reductions. This devaluation made imports from Mexico far cheaper than they otherwise would have been and priced many U.S. exports out of reach of average Mexican consumers. Countries should not use currency policies to gain trade advantages—something China, Japan and others have done for many years. All U.S. trade agreements, including NAFTA, should be upgraded to create binding rules, subject to trade sanctions, to prevent such game-playing.

Upgrade NAFTA’s rules of origin particularly on autos and auto parts, to reinforce auto sector jobs in North America.

NAFTA’s rules require that automobiles be 62.5% “made in North America” to qualify for duty-free treatment under NAFTA. Even though 62.5% seems high compared to the TPP’s inadequate 45%, it still allows for nearly 40% of a car to be made in China, Thailand or elsewhere. The auto rule of origin should be upgraded to eliminate loopholes (through products “deemed originating” in North America) and to provide additional incentives to produce in North America. This, combined with improved labor standards will help create a more robust labor market and help North American workers gain from trade.

 Delete the procurement chapter that undermines “Buy American” laws (Chapter 10).

NAFTA contains provisions that require the U.S. government to treat Canadian and Mexican goods and services as “American” for many purchasing decisions, including purchases by the Departments of Commerce, Defense, Education, Veterans Affairs and Transportation. This means that efforts to create jobs for America’s working families by investing in infrastructure or other projects, including after the great financial crisis of 2008, could be ineffective. This entire chapter should be deleted.

Upgrade the trade enforcement chapter (Chapter 19).

NAFTA allows for a final review of a domestic antidumping or countervailing duty case by a binational panel instead of by a competent domestic court. This rule, omitted from subsequent trade deals, has hampered trade enforcement, hurting U.S. firms and their employees. It should be improved or omitted.

Contact: Carolyn Bobb (202) 637-5018


[et_pb_section admin_label=»section»][et_pb_row admin_label=»row»][et_pb_column type=»4_4″][et_pb_text admin_label=»Texto» background_layout=»light» text_orientation=»left» text_font_size=»14″ use_border_color=»off» border_color=»#ffffff» border_style=»solid» text_text_color=»#1e73be» text_font=»Arial|on|||»]

Consulta nuestros catálogos con las publicaciones que tenemos disponibles.

Para adquirir cualquier publicación favor de comunicarse al 52-29-11-49 con la Sra. Cristina Ledezma ó al correo ceesp.patrocinador@cce.org.mx.

Análisis de temas específicos que afectan el entorno de las empresas y las alerta para la acertada toma de decisiones.

–>Consultar Catálogo

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text admin_label=»Texto» background_layout=»light» text_orientation=»left» text_font_size=»14″ use_border_color=»off» border_color=»#ffffff» border_style=»solid» text_text_color=»#1e73be»]

Estudio bimestral de temas económicos de actualidad, incluyendo reformas estructurales y los tradicionales problemas de México. Incluye encuestas realizadas por el Centro de Estudios Económicos del Sector Privado A.C


–>Consultar Catálogo

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text admin_label=»Texto» background_layout=»light» text_orientation=»left» text_font_size=»14″ use_border_color=»off» border_color=»#ffffff» border_style=»solid» text_text_color=»#1e73be»]

Artículo quincenal que analiza los temas trascendentes, que exigen una opinión especializada acerca de los efectos sobre las empresas y la sociedad. Políticas nuevas; informes recientes; decisiones; eventos mundiales.

–>Consultar Catálogo